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MBA联考2012年猜中真题展播
发布时间: 2013-09-08 15:41:57
  

 

英语:

作文:小作投诉信和大作文图表,均被陈校和张丁文老师押中。

完型填空、阅读理解、翻译等考点均在讲课中重点强调。

一、完形填空

1. 考点:今年的完型填空侧重考查实词词义辨析,主要是动词的词义辨析,具体考点如下:

1.1 考查动词(词组) 10题(1.3.7.8.9.11.13.15.16.17

1.2 考查名词         3题(4.12.18

1.3 考查形容词       2题(2.14

1.4 考查副词         1题(1.

1.5 考查介词(词组) 3题(6.19.20

1.6 考查连词         1题(5

难度分析选项和题目当中并不包含超纲词汇,难度适中,符合大部分考生的英语水平。

原题重现:本题侧重对考生词汇基本功的考查,尤其是核心词汇和高频词汇的考查,这也是我们将核心词汇的讲解贯穿辅导过程始终的原因所在。跟着老师的进度坚持背单词并掌握课上讲解的做题技巧,如结合上下文,10分的题可以轻而易举的得到6分以上。

一、阅读理解

Part A

2012年英语真题解析:

阅读理解第一部分今年侧重考查的是考生基础阅读能力的掌握,与去年相比:词汇难度较低,无超纲词汇;文章长度适中;以细节题为主,但命题人完全按照段落顺序出题,并且明确标注答题区间,易于找到正确答案。所以掌握基础班阅读技巧,做过强化班阅读习题和模考卷的学员都可以从容应对。

阅读解题题四个步骤:

1.读题划关键词:不读选项,只读题干,寻找题干中中的关键词,或者内容,划出来,提醒自己。

2.回文定位:通读文章,找到一个点,对应的做个数字标记。

3.以关键词解题:对关键词的前后文章,或是这个对应关键词出现的段落排除备选项,做出答案。

4.全文解题:对于篇章信息题,需要结合上下文和文章的关键词机中心内容答题

5.遵循命题原则,即解题区域不重复,即已经出过答案的相关句子或是有这紧密联系的句意群都不会有再出答案,因为这样是出题人的重大失误,即出题重复。

Text  2

Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessed with the colour, yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives. It is not that pink is intrinsically bad, but it is such a tiny slice of the rainbow and, though it may celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fuses girls’ identity to appearance. Then it presents that connection, even among two-year-olds, between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence. Looking around, I despaired at the singular lack of imagination about girls’ lives and interests.

Girls’ attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehow encoded in their DNA, but according to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor of American Studies, it is not. Children were not colour-coded at all until the early 20th century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies wore white as a practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was to boil them. What’s more, both boys and girls wore what were thought of as gender-neutral dresses. When nursery colours were introduced, pink was actually considered the more masculine colour,  a pastel version of red, which was associated with strength. Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary, constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity. It was not until the mid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant children’s marketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it began to seem inherently attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female, at least for the first few critical years.

I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception of what is natural to kins, including our core beliefs about their psychological development. Take the toddler. I assumed that phase was something experts developed after years of research into children’s behaviour: wrong. Turns out, according to Daniel Cook, a historian of childhood consumerism, it was popularised as a marketing trick by clothing manufacrurers in the 1930s.

Trade publications counselled department stores that, in order to increase sales, they should create a “third stepping stone” between infant wear and older kids’ clothes. It was only after “toddler” became a common shoppers’ term that it evolved into a broadly accepted developmental stage. Splitting kids, or adults, into ever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to boost profits. And one of the easiest ways to segment a market is to magnify gender differences - or invent them where they did not previously exist.

26. By saying "it is...the rainbow"(Line 3, Para.1), the author means pink______.

[A]should not be the sole representation of girlhood

[B]should not be associated with girls' innocence

[C]cannot explain girls' lack of imagination

[D]cannot influence girls' lives and interests

27. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following is true of colours

[A]Colours are encoded in girls' DNA.

[B]Blue used to be regarded as the colour for girls.

[C]Pink used to be a neutral colour in symbolising genders.

[D]White is preferred by babies.

28. The author suggests that our perception of children's psychological development was much influenced by_____.

[A]the marketing of products for children

[B]the observation of children's nature

[C]researches into children's behavior

[D]studies of childhood consumption

29. We may learn from Paragraph 4 that department stores were advised to_____.

[A]focus on infant wear and older kids' clothes

[B]attach equal importance to different genders

[C]classify consumers into smaller groups

[D]create some common shoppers' terms

30. It can be concluded that girls' attraction to pink seems to be____.

[A] clearly explained by their inborn tendency

[B]fully understood by clothing manufacturers

[C] mainly imposed by profit-driven businessmen

[D]well interpreted by psychological experts

这篇文章是来自于英国《卫报》2011619日的一篇文章。作者以粉红色与女性的关系为切入,进而探讨了是什么在吸引我们对于颜色产生的喜好。

26题,句意细节题。

1.该题围绕一个句子展开。该句为“but it is a tiny slice of the rainbow”,这个点,已经十分明确可以看下一题。

2. 26题定位点出现在第一段中间,因其前后句都与其有句意联系,故皆为解题区域。在此可根据出题区域原则,做基本判断,即第一题应该出现在第一段落。

3. 出题点确定后,通读前后句子。前句说:女人已经想不起来自己在少女时代对于粉色的痴迷。引入了出题句。该字面理解为这只是彩虹的一个小小端倪。结合前句、后句,可以知道粉红色没有什么问题,也不仅仅是混淆少女身份的东西。在后又提及了,它是一种连接。

结合选项如下:

A 选项 翻译为,不应该被当做是少女时代的单一代表。

B 选项 翻译为,不应该与少女的无知相联系

C 选项 翻译为,不能解释少女们对于想象力的缺失。

D选项 翻译为, 不能影响到少女们的生活和兴趣。

BC选项有歧视的倾向,不选、排除。D选项不在解题区域之内。

故第26题结合文章,只能选择A选项。

 

27

1. 段落判断推理题。该题提问,根据第二段,下列有关于色彩的选项中哪一个是正确的。出题点也已经明确为第二段。

2. 答题区域在于第二段落。

3. 先行阅读选项:

A 选项,色彩被编码进入少女们的基因之中。可理解为,少女天生喜爱颜色。

B 选项,蓝色过去常常被当做是代表少女们的颜色。

C 选项,粉红色过去常常白当做是一种表示性别的颜色中的中性色彩。

D选项,白色更被孩子所喜爱。

结合文章,A选项为第二段的第一句中的“but”所排除。

B选项在文中,有“Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary, constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity.”呼应。故可选。

C选项,与原文所提及代表力量不符,排除。

D选项,与原文中所提及白色是由“boil”造成,不符,排除。

故第27题选择:B

 

28 题,事实细节题。

1. 集中于作者对于我们对于孩子的心理发展的感知主要是受到____的影响。此题定位点较为模糊。有出题词汇“perception”“psychological development”以及解题核心词汇“influenced”

此题定位点较多,但时间紧迫可以向下看下一题。

2. 定位点为“perception”“psychological development”以及解题核心词汇“influenced”,其定位点在于第三段第一句,“I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictated our perception of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs about their psychological development. ”故句后部分为该题解题重要区域。

3. 定位点于第一句话,但是要注意本句话中所用的是“marketing trends”(市场趋势),A选项中的所购买的儿童用品,形似但意不同,排除。

所以结合文章后面所提及的“a historian of childhood consumerism”以及“a marketing gimmick”等内容,第28题,选择D选项,对于孩童时代消费的研究,为正确选项。

 

29题,段落推理题。

1.题中提问,我们从第四段得出,百货商场被建议______.直接可以定位于第四段落。同时,也可以使第28题的定位点清楚定位于第二段之后,以及第四段之前,即第三段。

2. 29题定位于第四段落,有关键词“department stores” 故解题区域也大致确定。

3. 29题,段落推理题。先来分析选项:

A选项,关注与婴儿服饰以及更大一些的孩子的服饰。

B选项,对于不同的性别赋予同样的重视。

C选项,细分消费者进入更小的组别。

D选项,创造更多的普通购物者的专有词汇。

A 选项 词句有原文支持“create a "third stepping stone" between infant wear and older kids' clothes”.但是,对于内容的理解不全面。是一个强干扰项。

在后句有“Splitting kids, or adults, into ever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to boost profits.”,第29题,故选择C选项,为正确答案。

以上几道题可以使用以点解题的方式。但是,第30题则,不容易确定。故进入第四步骤:全文解题

步骤四:全文解题。

 

30题, 原因题。

1. 要求概括是什么原因使得女孩们为粉色所吸引_______。定位点为“girl‘s attraction”“pink”。此种题型定位较难,因为该种题型多是有多个出题点,概括而成,所以可以在所有题结束后,运用原则进行解题。

2. 可以分析选项如下:

A 选项 很确定的被解释为由她们内在的趋向

B 选项 被服装厂商全部理解(掌握)

C 选项 主要是被受利益所驱使商人所强加的。

D选项 被心理学专家所很好地解释。

3. 在分析后,再在文章中寻找我们一些相关部分。

文中,少女对于粉色的喜好多次提及,分别为,第一段,“yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives”;第二段,“Girls' attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehow encoded in their DNA, but according to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor of American Studies, it's not. ”

结合原文,可以排除选项A与选项D

剩下的BC选项是该题的难点,即到底是为服装商全部了解的结果,还是商人的导向。

其实,通读全文,服装商确实出现过,但是,却没有提及服装厂商对于顾客的理解,做一个最简单的推理:如果服装商真的能够完全理解顾客需求,那么就不会有服装的积压现象。故,该选项为绝对选项,不选。

所以,第30题答案为C

经典例题回顾:

42. A public company that fails to obey the new law could be forced to  _______.           .

A. pay a heavy fine

B. close down its business

C. change to a private business

D. sign a document promising to act

B 细节信息题 A public company that fails to obey the new law“不执行新法律的公司,找到文章第一段第三句看到Most firms have obeyed the law, which was passed in 2003.接着又看到But 75 out of the 480 companies it affects are still too male for the government’s liking. But之前提到大多数公司遵守2003年通过对法律but表示转折,因此推断出about 75 out of the 480 companies 依然不遵守这部法律。接下来一句详细说明了他们将受到的礼遇receive a letter, to act, or face the legal consequences – which could include being dissolved.

课上讲到的推理题做题方法:

1、   注意出题位置:似乎话中有话的间接表达句;含义深刻或结构复杂的句子;文章段落的开头或结尾处。

2、   干扰项特征:推理过头,隐身过渡。只是原文的简单复述,而非推断出来的结论;看似是从原文推断出来的结论,实际上与原文不符;根据考生已有的常识判断是正确的,但却不是基于原文的推断,一切应以原文为准。

3、   正确选项的特征:正确选项长于中心思想有关;正确选项大多含义深刻,不是常识选项;正确选项通常为概括性选项,不能只见树木不见森林;,正确选项中经常含有不肯定语气和委婉语气词。

经典例题回顾:

41. The author mentions Ibsen's play in the first paragraph in order to _______.

   A. depict women's dilemma at work

   B. explain the newly passed law

   C. support Norwegian government

   D. introduce the topic under discussion

D。推理题。第一段第一句话“亨利克·易卜生撰写了剧作《玩偶之家》,他在其中描述了一个美丽却无住的家庭主妇跑起来自己的丈夫和孩子去寻找更有意义的生活。”紧接着做浙江到本文主题:…would surely have approved…作为创作了这个剧作的作家,易卜生一定会认同挪威政府的如下做法:根据规定,从200811日起,挪威的所有上市公司必须确保其董事会成员中至少有40%的女性。由此可推断出答案D正确。

 课上讲到的主旨题的做题方法。

1、   掌握做题步骤。快速寻找主题句,确定中心思想;快速寻找出现多次的名词或名词词组,仔细分析词或词组所在的句子,确定主题。

2、   掌握做题技巧。对于主旨大意类题型,如果文章含有明确的主题句,则正确选项通常为该句的同意转述。如果文章没有明确的主题句则应遵循“三出现原则”,即重要关键词必须出现,细节不能出现,新内容不能出现。

经典例题回顾

45. The main idea of the passage might be _______.

   A. female power and liberation in Norway

   B. the significance of Henric Ibsen's play

   C. women's status in Norwegian firms

   D. the constitution of board members in Norway

C 主旨题  主旨题一般都要通过认真领会第一段来解答。本文以Henric Ibsen剧作引出一个话题:挪威政府通过颁布法令要求上市公司接纳女员工,而文章的第一段的转折词but将重心转移到一些公司不按法律办事。由此可见。文章要讨论的是女性在公司里现在到底是什么地位。

课上讲到的态度题的做题方法

1、   明确出题位置。文章结尾处;段首或段尾处,评论处;引言处。

2、   干扰项特征。绝对化或过于强烈的极端选项;与原文中表示态度的形容词或副词矛盾的选项。

3、   正确选项的特征。选项肯呢个不再是态度明确的肯定或否定词,而为带有程度限制的词,例如:partiallycorrect);持有保留态度的比较可观的选项常常是正确选项。

经典例题回顾

59. What is the author's attitude toward America's policies on global warming?

   A. Critical

   B. Indifferent

   C. Supportive

   D. Compromising

A 态度题  文章多处表达可对美国在环境政策上的不满,最明显的一处是在第三段第二句第三句:The steady deterioration(恶化)of the very climate of this very planet is becoming a war of the first order, and by any measure, the U.S. is losing. Indeed, if America is fighting on the wrong side.这两句话中,作者评论其行动时说其“losing 失败”“如果真是在参战也是站在错误的一方

Part  B  新题型

考点:2012年的阅读新题型我们预测的是七选五或者判断对错,是我们模考阶段练习的重点题型,关于做题方法也是在模考串讲阶段重点讲解的内容,学员只要课堂上掌握了做题方法,一定可以从容应对今年的新题型。今年的新题型与2011

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